Theories Related To Social Cognition And Learning PdfBy ClГ©mence D. In and pdf 24.04.2021 at 00:46 9 min read
File Name: theories related to social cognition and learning .zip
Social Cognitive Theory SCT describes the influence of individual experiences, the actions of others, and environmental factors on individual health behaviors. SCT provides opportunities for social support through instilling expectations, self-efficacy, and using observational learning and other reinforcements to achieve behavior change. The SCT can be applied as a theoretical framework in different settings and populations. It is frequently used to guide behavior change interventions. It may be particularly useful in rural communities for examining how individuals interact with their surroundings.
Introduction to Educational Psychology Theory
It developed into the SCT in and posits that learning occurs in a social context with a dynamic and reciprocal interaction of the person, environment, and behavior. The unique feature of SCT is the emphasis on social influence and its emphasis on external and internal social reinforcement. SCT considers the unique way in which individuals acquire and maintain behavior, while also considering the social environment in which individuals perform the behavior. The theory takes into account a person's past experiences, which factor into whether behavioral action will occur. These past experiences influences reinforcements, expectations, and expectancies, all of which shape whether a person will engage in a specific behavior and the reasons why a person engages in that behavior. Many theories of behavior used in health promotion do not consider maintenance of behavior, but rather focus on initiating behavior. This is unfortunate as maintenance of behavior, and not just initiation of behavior, is the true goal in public health.
Social learning theory
Social cognitive theory SCT , used in psychology , education, and communication, holds that portions of an individual's knowledge acquisition can be directly related to observing others within the context of social interactions, experiences, and outside media influences. This theory was advanced by Albert Bandura as an extension of his social learning theory. The theory states that when people observe a model performing a behavior and the consequences of that behavior, they remember the sequence of events and use this information to guide subsequent behaviors. Observing a model can also prompt the viewer to engage in behavior they already learned. Depending on whether people are rewarded or punished for their behavior and the outcome of the behavior, the observer may choose to replicate behavior modeled.
Rural Health Information Hub
By Dr. Saul McLeod , published Social psychology is the scientific study of how people's thoughts, feelings, beliefs, intentions and goals are constructed within a social context by the actual or imagined interactions with others. It therefore looks at human behavior as influenced by other people and the conditions under which social behavior and feelings occur. Topics examined in social psychology include: the self concept , social cognition, attribution theory , social influence, group processes, prejudice and discrimination , interpersonal processes, aggression, attitudes and stereotypes.
Social Cognitive Theory proposes that individuals do not simply respond to environmental influences, but rather they actively seek and interpret information Nevid, According to Bandura , social cognitive theory takes on an agent-like perspective to change, development and adaptation. Social Cognitive Theory was presented by Bandura in response to his dissatisfaction with the principles of behaviorism and psychoanalysis.
These theories share an emphasis on the complex interaction among cognitive events and processes, affect, overt behavior, and environmental contexts and events as underlying various facets of dysfunctional behavior. Similarly, these different theories agree that learning has a pivotal role in the acquisition and maintenance of deviant and adaptive behavior, and like operant theories but to a lesser degree , they recognize the importance of environmental consequences—particularly those provided by the social environment—in these processes. Unlike operant theories, however, cognitive social learning CSL theories postulate that most learning is a function of how the individual cognitively processes stimulus and consequence information. Possibly because these mediating processes are assumed to explain deviant behavior more adequately than the principles of operant and classical conditioning alone, much of CSL research and writing has been devoted to defining, examining, and defending their nature.
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В ее глазах мелькнуло подозрение. Она достала из кармана какой-то маленький предмет и протянула. Беккер увидел в ее руке сережку в виде черепа. - Так это клипса. - Да, - сказала девушка.