Power And Function Of Supreme Court Of India Pdf


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This article is written by Suryansh Singh , a 3rd-year law student from Indore Institute of law. This article mainly discusses the powers and functions of the Supreme Court.

To know about the powers and functions of supreme court , it is necessary to know first, about the working structure of the supreme court. At the apex of the judicial hierarchy of the country stands the Supreme Court which was inaugurated on January 26, , along with the promulgation of the Constitution of India. It was given all those powers which were earlier with the Privy Council situated in England.

The Supreme Court of India functioned from the Parliament House till it moved to the present building. It has a For a peek inside, you'll have to obtain a visitor's pass from the front office. The inauguration took place in the Chamber of Princes in the Parliament building which also housed India's Parliament, consisting of the Council of States and the House of the People.

President of India

Original Jurisdiction: Cases that come directly to the supreme court are under its original jurisdiction and it settles disputes between Centre and State or Between States, Disputes concerning the election of the president and vice-president and the disputes arising out of the Implementation of Fundamental Rights.

The Certificate of the High Court is necessary for appeals relating to civil, criminal and Constitutional matters, Such certificates can be granted by the high courts on their own or on the request of the parties, In some criminal cases, the accused can directly appeal to the supreme court in case of death sentence or imprisonment of more than ten years. When the fundamental rights of citizens are violated either by the government or any individual, it protects the Fundamental rights of Citizens.

If the government passes any law against the constitution, the supreme court declares it unconstitutional. This Court gives legal advice to the president of India on matters of constitutional or legal importance. Intern With Us. Academic Writing. Academic Papers. The Sociology Group is now on Instagram. Follow us. Footer Write for us. Search Search this website.

Supreme Court of India: Composition, Power and Functions

India is a federal State having a single and unified judicial system with three-tier structure, i. The Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India can broadly be categorised into original jurisdiction, appellate jurisdiction and advisory jurisdiction. Supreme Court at the apex of the Indian Judiciary is the highest authority to uphold the Constitution of India, to protect the rights and liberties of the citizens, and to uphold the values of rule of law. Hence, it is known as the Guardian of our Constitution. The Constitution of India has provided an independent judiciary with a hierarchical setup containing High Courts and Subordinate Courts under it.


Download SC notes PDF for IAS preparation. The Supreme Court of India has powers to consult the President to regulate the practice and procedure of.


Supreme Court: Powers, Qualifications, Removal Procedure

Original Jurisdiction: Cases that come directly to the supreme court are under its original jurisdiction and it settles disputes between Centre and State or Between States, Disputes concerning the election of the president and vice-president and the disputes arising out of the Implementation of Fundamental Rights. The Certificate of the High Court is necessary for appeals relating to civil, criminal and Constitutional matters, Such certificates can be granted by the high courts on their own or on the request of the parties, In some criminal cases, the accused can directly appeal to the supreme court in case of death sentence or imprisonment of more than ten years. When the fundamental rights of citizens are violated either by the government or any individual, it protects the Fundamental rights of Citizens. If the government passes any law against the constitution, the supreme court declares it unconstitutional. This Court gives legal advice to the president of India on matters of constitutional or legal importance.

The president is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising the Parliament of India both houses and the legislative assemblies of each of India's states and territories , who themselves are all directly elected. Although Article 53 of the Constitution of India states that the president can exercise his powers directly or by subordinate authority, with few exceptions, all of the executive powers vested in the president are, in practice, exercised by the prime minister a subordinate authority with the help of the Council of Ministers. India achieved independence from the British on 15 August , initially as a dominion within the Commonwealth of Nations with George VI as king, represented in the country by a governor-general. Ambedkar , undertook the process of drafting a completely new constitution for the country.

Judiciary of India

Introduction The Supreme Court in India was established through an enactment passed in pre-independent India, with the introduction of the Regulating Act, The court was established to resolve the disputes in Bengal, Orissa, and Patna. The Government of India Act, , led to the establishment of the Federal Court in India, which has vested more judicial power than the High court with original, appellate, and advisory jurisdiction. Justice Harilal Jekisundas Kania.

Сьюзан пришла в еще большее смятение: самые блестящие умы в криптографии работают в ее отделе, и уж она-то наверняка хоть что-нибудь услышала бы об этом алгоритме. - Кто? - требовательно сказала. - Уверен, ты догадаешься сама, - сказал Стратмор.  - Он не очень любит Агентство национальной безопасности. - Какая редкость! - саркастически парировала Сьюзан.

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Supreme Court at the apex of the Indian Judiciary is the highest authority to uphold the Constitution of India, to protect the rights and liberties of.

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explain the powers and jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India;. ○ appreciate the role of the Supreme Court of India as guardian of the Constitution and.

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