Nutritive Value Of Milk And Milk Products Pdf


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nutritive value of milk and milk products pdf

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Links are provided to move the reader to pages that present the content of specific nutrients in milk, important background information on the chemistry of milk carbohydrate lactose , fat, protein, and enzymes, and other topics that are covered in more depth in other sections of this website. The energy in milk comes from its protein, carbohydrate and fat content, with the exception of skim milk that has virtually no fat. The energy content of some milk varieties is shown in the Nutrient Content Tables. Food provides energy to the body in the form of calories kcal. There are many components in food that provide nutritional benefits, but only the macronutrients protein, carbohydrate and fat provide energy.

Nutritional Components in Milk

This article highlights the benefits of milk and milk products, as well as common misconceptions. A production plant for processing dairy products is called a dairy or a dairy factory. Dairy products are generally defined as food products that are produced from milk. They are rich sources of energy. Raw milk for processing generally comes from cows, but occasionally from other mammals such as goats, sheep, and water buffalo. Milk of various types including whole milk , skim milk , buttermilk , yoghurt, cheese e.

Dairy product , milk and any of the foods made from milk, including butter , cheese , ice cream , yogurt , and condensed and dried milk. Milk has been used by humans since the beginning of recorded time to provide both fresh and storable nutritious foods. In some countries almost half the milk produced is consumed as fresh pasteurized whole, low-fat, or skim milk. However, most milk is manufactured into more stable dairy products of worldwide commerce, such as butter, cheese, dried milks, ice cream, and condensed milk. Cow milk bovine species is by far the principal type used throughout the world. Other animals utilized for their milk production include buffalo in India, China, Egypt, and the Philippines , goats in the Mediterranean countries , reindeer in northern Europe , and sheep in southern Europe.

What to know about milk

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Palmer Medicine American journal of public health. Milk has been part of the human diet for millennia and is valued as a natural and traditional food.

Dairy products or milk products are a type of food produced from or containing the milk of mammals , most commonly cattle , water buffaloes , goats , sheep , and camels. Dairy products include food items such as yogurt , cheese and butter. Milk is produced after optional homogenization or pasteurization , in several grades after standardization of the fat level, and possible addition of the bacteria Streptococcus lactis and Leuconostoc citrovorum. Milk can be broken down into several different categories based on type of product produced, including cream, butter, cheese, infant formula, and yogurt. Milk varies in fat content.

Milk is a natural food source for mammals. Animals, including humans, produce milk to feed their young until they are ready for solid food. As such, milk contains valuable nutrients that help support a growing body, including calcium and protein. Research about milk is conflicting, however, with different studies claiming milk is either good or bad for the body. Due to rising concerns about health, lactose intolerance, and animal welfare, plant-based milk , and dairy alternatives are gaining popularity. Official sources, such as the Dietary Guidelines for Americans — , recommend that adults eat about 3 cup-equivalent of low fat or fat-free dairy each day as part of a healthful diet. Calcium is an essential nutrient for strong bones and teeth, muscle movement, and nerve signals.

THE NUTRITIONAL VALUE OF MILK.

The patterns include recommended amounts to eat from five major food groups, one of which is the Dairy Group. The Dairy Group includes fluid milks, soymilk, cheeses, yogurt, and other foods that contain these dairy products, such as milk-based meal replacements, ice cream, and other frozen desserts. Traditionally, the Dairy Group has been identified as a separate food group because it is the primary source of calcium, a nutrient of public health concern in American diets.

Milk is a nutrient -rich liquid food produced by the mammary glands of mammals. It is the primary source of nutrition for young mammals, including breastfed human infants before they are able to digest solid food. It holds many other nutrients, [2] including protein and lactose.

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Nutritional Components in Milk

2 Comments

Jordan A.
21.04.2021 at 12:57 - Reply

Milk and dairy products provided % of the total energy supply. A high share (above 20%) in the supply of nutrients was noted in the case of calcium (%), riboflavin (%), vitamin B12 (%), and phosphorus (%).

Lissete A.
21.04.2021 at 20:38 - Reply

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