Meaning Nature And Scope Of Philosophy Of Education PdfBy Amadis P. In and pdf 21.04.2021 at 00:47 9 min read
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- Nature of Educational Philosophy
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It is an attempt to arrive at a rational conception of the reality as a whole. It enquires into the nature of the universe in which we live, the nature of the human soul, and its destiny, and the nature of God or the Absolute, and their relation to one another. It enquires into the nature of matter, time, space, causality, evolution, life, and mind, and their relation to one another. It is the art of thinking all things logically, systematically, and persistently.
Nature of Educational Philosophy
Philosophy is a comprehensive system of ideas about human nature and the nature of the reality we live in. It is a guide for living, because the issues it addresses are basic and pervasive, determining the course we take in life and how we treat other people.
Hence we can say that all the aspects of human life are influenced and governed by the philosophical consideration. As a field of study philosophy is one of the oldest disciplines. It is considered as a mother of all the sciences. In fact it is at the root of all knowledge. Education has also drawn its material from different philosophical bases. Education, like philosophy is also closely related to human life. Therefore, being an important life activity education is also greatly influenced by philosophy.
Various fields of philosophy like the political philosophy, social philosophy and economic philosophy have great influence on the various aspects of education like educational procedures, processes, policies, planning and its implementation, from both the theoretical and practical aspects.
In order to understand the concept of Philosophy of education it is necessary to first understand the meaning of the two terms; Philosophy and Education. This tells us something about the nature of philosophy, but not much, because many disciplines seek wisdom. Since times immemorial there have been various pursuits for unfolding the mystery of the universe, birth and death, sorrow and joy.
Various ages have produced different thoughts throwing light upon the mystic region. The ultimate truth is yet to be found out. This eternal quest for truth 'lends the origin of philosophy. A love of wisdom is the essence for any philosophy investigation. On the standard way of telling the story, humanity's first systematic inquiries took place within a mythological or religious framework: wisdom ultimately was to be derived from sacred traditions and from individuals thought to possess privileged access to a supernatural realm, whose own access to wisdom, in turn, generally was not questioned.
However, starting in the sixth century BCE, there appeared in ancient Greece a series of thinkers whose inquiries were comparatively secular see "The Milesians and the Origin of Philosophy". Presumably, these thinkers conducted their inquiries through reason and observation, rather than through tradition or revelation.
These thinkers were the first philosophers. The subject of philosophical inquiry is the reality itself. There are different schools of philosophy depending on the answers they seek to the question of reality.
It is the search for understanding of man, nature and the universe. There are different branches of philosophy-Epistemology, Metaphysics, etc. There are different fields of philosophy such as educational philosophy, social philosophy, political philosophy, economic philosophy etc.
There are also different philosophical approaches such as idealism, naturalism, pragmatism, materialism, and so on. Meaning of Education Etymologically, the word education is derived from educare Latin "bring up", which is related to educere "bring out", "bring forth what is within", "bring out potential" and ducere, "to lead". Education in the largest sense is any act or experience that has a formative effect on the mind, character or physical ability of an individual. In its technical sense, education is the process by which society deliberately transmits its accumulated knowledge, skills and values from one generation to another.
Webster defines education as the process of educating or teaching now that's really useful, isn't it? Educate is further defined as "to develop the knowledge, skill, or character of In ancient Greece, Socrates argued that education was about drawing out what was already within the student. As many of you know, the word education comes from the Latin e-ducere meaning "to lead out. Thus we see that there are different views and understandings of the meaning of the term education.
In the modern times it has acquired two different shades of meaning namely: 1 an institutional instruction, given to students in school colleges formally ;and 2 a pedagogical science, studied by the student of education. The words of Adam education is the dynamic side of philosophy.
Philosophy takes into its orbit, all the dimensions of human life. Similarly education also reflects the multifaceted nature of human life. Therefore, education is closely related to various aspects of human life and environment. Hence, the term education has a wide connotation. It is difficult to define education by single definition. However education can be understood as the deliberate and systematic influence exerted by a mature through instruction, and discipline.
It means the harmonious development of all the powers of the human being; physical social, intellectual, aesthetic and spiritual.
The essential elements in the educative process are a creative mind, a well integrated self, socially useful purposes and experience related to the interests of the individual, needs and abilities of the individual as a of a social group. In the historical development of man, education has been the right of a privileged few.
It is only in recent centuries that education has come to be recognized as a human right. All have equal right to be educated as education has become sine qua non of civilization. Our discussion of the concept of education and the concept of philosophy form the basis of arriving at the definition of philosophy of education.
While not all societies channel sufficient resources into support for educational activities and institutions, all at the very least acknowledge their centrality—and for good reasons. For one thing, it is obvious that children are born illiterate and innumerate, and ignorant of the norms and cultural achievements of the community or society into which they have been thrust; but with the help of professional teachers and the dedicated amateurs in their families and immediate environs and with the aid, too, of educational resources made available through the media and nowadays the internet , within a few years they can read, write, calculate, and act at least often in culturally-appropriate ways.
Some learn these skills with more facility than others, and so education also serves as a social-sorting mechanism and undoubtedly has enormous impact on the economic fate of the individual. Put more abstractly, at its best education equips individuals with the skills and substantive knowledge that allows them to define and to pursue their own goals, and also allows them to participate in the life of their community as full-fledged, autonomous citizens.
Equips individuals with the skills and substantive knowledge that allows them to define and to pursue their own goals, and also allows them to participate in the life of their community as full-fledged, autonomous citizens. It emerges that in pluralistic societies such as the Western democracies there are some groups that do not wholeheartedly support the development of autonomous individuals, for such folk can weaken a group from within by thinking for themselves and challenging communal norms and beliefs; from the point of view of groups whose survival is thus threatened, formal, state-provided education is not necessarily a good thing.
The great social importance of education is underscored, too, by the fact that when a society is shaken by a crisis, this often is taken as a sign of educational breakdown; education, and educators, become scapegoats. It is not surprising that such an important social domain has attracted the attention of philosophers for thousands of years, especially as there are complex issues aplenty that have great philosophical interest.
But this is to cast matters in very individualistic terms, and it is fruitful also to take a societal perspective, where the picture changes somewhat. The following are some issues that philosophers have deeply thought about and philosophy is still in the process of answering these questions. It is here that that philosophy of education plays an important role in providing direction to education on the following issues as well as providing a theory of knowledge tfor education to work upon.
Philosophy of education is essentially a method of approaching educational experience rather than a body of conclusions. It is the specific method which makes it philosophical. Philosophical method is critical, comprehensive and synthetic. In brief, it is a philosophical process of solving educational problems through philosophical method, from a philosophical attitude to arrive at philosophical conclusions and results.
Thus, it aims at achieving general as well as comprehensive results. Thus, it is philosophy in the field of education. The scope of philosophy of education is concerned with the problems of education. The above mentioned problems constitute the scope of philosophy of education and explain its nature. Thus, the scope of philosophy of education includes following.
These aims and ideals have been prorogated by various philosophers in different times. They are character building, man making, harmonious human development, preparation for adult life, -development of citizenship, -utilization of leisure, training for civic life, training for international living, achieving social and national integration, -scientific and technological development, education for all, equalizing educational opportunities, strengthening democratic political order and human source development.
Thus, philosophy of education critically evaluates different aims and ideals of education to arrive at. The philosophical picture, therefore, is more broad as compared to the picture of man drawn by biology, sociology, psychology, economics and anthropology and other human science. Philosophy-of education not only critically evaluates the values but also systematizes them in a hierarchy. Educational values are' determined by philosophical values.
Educational values propagated by different philosophers have been derived from their own world, view and their outlook on the purpose of human life. Therefore, a scrutiny of the world views, outlook, beliefs is the specific function of philosophy and it is necessary for the philosophical treatment of the values.
It is determined by the source, limits, criteria and means of knowledge. The discussion of all these falls within the jurisdiction of epistemology, one of the branches of philosophy, therefore, an important area of the functioning of philosophy of education is related to theory of knowledge. These problems have led to the evaluation of different philosophies of education. The criteria of judgment everywhere are determined by philosophy, therefore, philosophy of education provides the criteria for critical evaluation and judgment in these fields.
There are three branches of philosophy namely 'metaphysics, epistemology and axiology. It is concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world.
Metaphysics is the study of the nature of things. Metaphysicians ask what kinds of things exist, and what they are like. They reason about such things as whether or not people have free will, in what sense abstract objects can be said to exist, and how it is that brains are able to generate minds. Axiology: the branch of philosophical enquiry that explores: o Aesthetics: the study of basic philosophical questions about art and beauty.
Sometimes philosophy of art is used to describe only questions about art, with "aesthetics" the more general term.
The Nature and Scope of Philosophy
Philosophy means "love of wisdom. Philosophy helps teachers to reflect on key issues and concepts in education, usually through such questions as: What is being educated? What is the good life? What is knowledge? What is the nature of learning? And What is teaching? Philosophers think about the meaning of things and interpretation of that meaning.
The scope of philosophy of education is concerned with the problems of education. These problems mainly include - • interpretation of human nature, the world.
Meaning, Scope & Functions Of Philosophy Of Education ...
Scope of Educational Philosophy The scope of educational philosophy is the study of all those aspects or schools of philosophy, which are important from the educational point of view. Thus, it is philosophy in the field of education. The scope of philosophy of education is concerned with the problems of education.
Philosophy of Education
Epistemology is the study of the nature and scope of knowledge and justified belief. It analyzes the nature of knowledge and how it relates to similar notions such as truth , belief and justification. It also deals with the means of production of knowledge , as well as skepticism about different knowledge claims.
University of Exeter, United Kingdom. Ernest ex. This question what is the philosophy of mathematics education? Is it a philosophy of mathematics education, or is it the philosophy of mathematics education? So the philosophy of mathematics education need not be a dominant interpretation so much as an area of study, an area of investigation, and hence something with this title can be an exploratory assay into this area. This is what I intend here. The philosophy of some area or activity can be understood as its aims or rationale.
Please download the PDF to view it: Download PDF Nature of Philosophy of Education Modes of Philosophical Inquiry 1.! unctions of main functions.
Preview only show first 10 pages with watermark. For full document please download. It signifies a natural and necessary urge in human beings to know themselves and the world in which they live and move and have their being. Western philosophy remained more or less true to the etymological meaning of philosophy in being essentially an intellectual quest for truth. Hindu philosophy is intensely spiritual and has always emphasized the need for practical realization of Truth. Philosophy is a comprehensive system of ideas about human nature and the nature of the reality we live in.
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