List Of Autoimmune Diseases And Symptoms PdfBy Noemi T. In and pdf 23.04.2021 at 08:03 6 min read
File Name: list of autoimmune diseases and symptoms .zip
For more than 25 years AARDA has been the nation's leading advocate for the millions of people affected by autoimmune diseases. Help us help others.
- About Immunosuppressant Drugs
- Five Most Common Autoimmune Diseases
- Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
Disorders of immunity include immune deficiency diseases, such as AIDS , that arise because of a diminution of some aspect of the immune response. Other types of immune disorders, such as allergies and autoimmune disorders, are caused when the body develops an inappropriate response to a substance—either to a normally harmless foreign substance found in the environment , in the case of allergies, or to a component of the body, in the case of autoimmune diseases. Lymphocytes white blood cells of the immune system can become cancerous and give rise to tumours called leukemias , lymphomas , and myelomas. This article discusses various immune deficiencies, allergies, autoimmune disorders, and lymphocyte cancers. For additional information on leukemias, lymphomas, and myelomas, see the article cancer.
About Immunosuppressant Drugs
Some of these drugs are used to make the body less likely to reject a transplanted organ, such as a liver, heart, or kidney. These drugs are called antirejection drugs. Other immunosuppressant drugs are often used to treat autoimmune disorders such as lupus, psoriasis, and rheumatoid arthritis. The following information will tell you what to expect when taking an immunosuppressant drug and what it could do for you. Because immunosuppressant drugs weaken the immune system, they suppress this reaction.
An autoimmune disease is the result of a malfunction in the immune system where healthy cells are mistaken for foreign bodies, causing the immune system to attack healthy cells in the body. It is estimated that as many as 50 million Americans suffer from some form of autoimmune disease. There are many different forms, and the symptoms and effects will vary from case to case. Treatment for autoimmune diseases typically focuses and managing pain and symptoms of the condition. Autoimmune diseases can develop from a variety of factors with no known definitive causes for the onset of the disease. Some suspected sources are:. When the immune system determines that healthy cells are foreign, it begins to produce antibodies to fight off the healthy cells it believes to be the source of an illness or infection.
Systemic lupus erythematosus SLE , is the most common type of lupus. SLE is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks its own tissues, causing widespread inflammation and tissue damage in the affected organs. It can affect the joints, skin, brain, lungs, kidneys, and blood vessels. There is no cure for lupus, but medical interventions and lifestyle changes can help control it. The seriousness of SLE can range from mild to life-threatening.
Five Most Common Autoimmune Diseases
Your body's immune system protects you from disease and infection. But if you have an autoimmune disease, your immune system attacks healthy cells in your body by mistake. Autoimmune diseases can affect many parts of the body. No one is sure what causes autoimmune diseases. They do tend to run in families. Women - particularly African American, Hispanic American, and Native American women - have a higher risk for some autoimmune diseases.
When the immune system functions normally, it produces a response intended to protect against harmful or foreign substances like bacteria , parasites , and cancerous cells. Autoimmune diseases arise when the immune system produces a response against one or more of the body's normal constituents as if they are harmful. Those attacks cause inflammation and tissue damage that lead to autoimmune disorders. There are more than 80 diseases that occur as a result of autoimmune responses and researchers suspect at least 40 additional diseases have an autoimmune basis. Most autoimmune disorders are rare. However, the overall number of cases of autoimmune diseases is rising for unknown reasons.
These autoimmune disorders can have devastating systemic and ocular effects. Ocular symptoms may include dry or red eyes, foreign-body sensation, pruritus, photophobia, pain, visual changes, and even complete loss of vision. Because a number of these diseases may initially present with ocular symptoms, physicians should maintain a high index of suspicion to make a timely diagnosis. A thorough ophthalmic examination, including visual acuity, pupillary reaction, ocular motility, confrontation field testing, external inspection, and direct ophthalmoscopy with fluorescein staining, should be completed. In general, managing the systemic effects with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids, and immunosuppressive agents controls the ocular symptoms. When visual function is threatened, surgical therapy may be necessary. Early and accurate diagnosis with prompt treatment or referral to an ophthalmologist may prevent systemic and ocular disabilities.
80 autoimmune diseases have been identified. /files/pdf/medicines-in-handballnb.org symptoms that may occur in acute.
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
A healthy immune system defends the body against disease and infection. But if the immune system malfunctions, it mistakenly attacks healthy cells, tissues, and organs. Called autoimmune disease, these attacks can affect any part of the body, weakening bodily function and even turning life-threatening.
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Examples of autoimmune diseases include: Rheumatoid arthritis. Systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus). Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Multiple sclerosis (MS). Type 1 diabetes mellitus. Guillain-Barre syndrome. Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. Psoriasis.